A blackhead (medically known as an open comedo, plural comedones) is a yellowish or blackish bump or plug on the skin. A blackhead is a type of acne vulgaris. It is caused by excess oils that have accumulated in the sebaceous gland’s duct. Blackheads are typically caused by excessive oil and makeup, which can facilitate the multiplication of the bacterium propionibacterium acnes, the predominant anaerobe of the normal skin flora. The substance found in these bumps mostly consists of keratin and modified sebum (an oily secretion of the sebaceous gland), which darkens (resembling dirt) as it oxidizes.

Blackheads Homemade remedies

  1. Heat honey slightly and apply to face, tap face gently with your fingers. Wash honey off with warm water then rinse with cool water. A bit of wheat germ may be added to the honey before applying.
  2. To loosen and cleanse blackheads, make a paste of oatmeal, honey and an eggwhite. Apply to the skin, massage for 10 minutes then rinse with tepid water.
  3. Make a paste of oatmeal and water.
  4. Make a paste of almond meal and water.
  5. Blotchy skin: Make a mixture of 1 part apple cider vinegar and 8 parts water. Store in a decorative bottle in the bathroom. Rinse face 1-2 times a day with the solution.
  6. Rub with a slice of tomato over the blackheads

Blackhead prevention tips

  • Never sleep in makeup, ever, no matter how tired you are. Be diligent, and your skin will improve!
  • Oatmeal and clay masks are great for deep cleaning.
  • The key word for blackheads is CLEAN! Don’t keep your skin in a clogged state where the oil sits in the pores, as the result will be blackheads. And once you get them, they’re hard to get rid of, but not impossible. It’ll take work!
  • Keep your hair away from your face. Greasy hair and skin go together, and hair can spread infection.
  • Avoid washing the face with soaps more than twice a day. Instead wash your face often with plain water splashes.
  • Often use a mask with a clay base.

To squeeze or not to squeeze?

If blackheads look ready to pop out, you could try removing them gently by using a blackhead extractor. This is a neat little instrument with a hole at one end, available from chemists. Pressure around the blackhead helps it to pop out through the hole. Also, pore cleanser strips (blackhead extractor) for removal of blackheads is highly recommended for the treatment/removal of blackheads. Using them once per week will leave your pores cleaner and smaller.
Otherwise use your fingers. Steam your face first to soften both the skin and the material blocking the pores. Then wrap the fingers in tissues and gently roll against either side of the blackhead. If it won’t budge easily, leave well alone, as too much pressure will bruise and break the skin, making your face red and blotchy for days to come, and possibly leaving tiny broken veins. Finish by applying a medicated cream to the empty pore.
Only ever squeeze a spot with a definite head that looks about to burst – pressure on an unready infected spot spreads bacteria below the skin’s surface, infecting the surrounding tissue. Bad spots need a doctor’s advice, and he may suggest antibiotic or even hormone therapy.

Sources: kitchen cosmetics, ultimate-cosmetics

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