August 2007


INTRODUCTION The two-carbon alcohol ethanol, CH3CH2OH, is a CNS depressant that is widely available to adults; its use is legal and accepted in many societies, and its abuse is a societal problem. The relevant pharmacological properties of ethanol include effects on the gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and central nervous systems, effects on disease processes, and effects on […]

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) can kill bacteria like the common pathogen E. coli by severely damaging their cell walls, according to a recent report from Yale researchers in the American Chemical Society (ACS) journal Langmuir. “We began the study out of concerns for the possible toxicity of nanotubes in aquatic environments and their presence in […]

Keeping your skin looking its best is not easy at all. There are so many things these days that can damage your skin and contribute to premature aging. Things like air pollution, smoking, lack of sleep, and UV rays from the sun can all damage your skin. A simple skin care regime can help to […]

Not being a virgin does not come as a surprise anymore these days. Many women lose their virginities at an early age, more so in this modern world of ours. Virginity is, in some corners of society, still considered a precious possession. Wouldn’t it be nice if women could somehow reclaim what they have lost? […]

Introduction Morphine and most other clinically used opioid agonists exert their effects through m opioid receptors. These drugs affect a wide range of physiological systems. They produce analgesia, affect mood and rewarding behavior, and alter respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and neuroendocrine function. d Opioid receptor agonists also are potent analgesics in animals, and in some cases […]

By Steven Hefferon, CMT, PTA, CPRS The last time I gave advice to a bodybuilder was in 1981. I was a freshman in high school, and I told a friend’s brother to “slow down his reps.” I thought that was good information, seeing as how I had just read it in article by Arnold Schwarzenegger. […]

It’s important to take care of your mouth and teeth starting in childhood. If you don’t, you could have problems with your teeth and gums – like cavities or even tooth loss. Here’s how to keep your mouth and teeth healthy: Brush your teeth every day with a fluoride toothpaste Floss your teeth every day […]

Opioids have been the mainstay of pain treatment for thousands of years, and they remain so today. Opioids such as heroin and morphine exert their effects by mimicking naturally occurring substances, called endogenous opioid peptides or endorphins. Much now is known about the basic biology of the endogenous opioid system and its molecular and biochemical […]

What is the Thyroid? The thyroid is a small gland, shaped like a butterfly, located in the lower part of your neck. The function of a gland is to secrete hormones. The main hormones released by the thyroid are triiodothyronine, abbreviated as T3, and thyroxine, abbreviated as T4. These thyroid hormones deliver energy to cells […]

Paranoia is a disturbed thought process characterized by excessive anxiety or fear, often to the point of irrationality and delusion. Paranoid thinking typically includes persecutory beliefs concerning a perceived threat. In the original Greek, pa?????a (paranoia) simply means madness (para = outside; nous = mind) and, historically, this characterization was used to describe any delusional […]

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