It is the most popular plastic surgery among men. Prior to deciding on a procedure it is important to rule out other reasons for hair loss. Those include hormonal imbalance, undiagnosed disease or recent trauma to the area. To make the replacement the surgeon uses the hair around the head, behind the ears and on the neck, therefore, the ideal candidates for this procedure are people with thick hair in those places.

This procedure can be performed using the following methods:

Skin implants with hair

This is the most common and easiest technique. Small pieces of skin (diameter 4-4.5m”m) are taken from the neck, each containing 10-15 hair follicles and implanted into hole at desired location. Afterwards the area is bandaged for 24-48 hours. The new hair does not grow right away, it usually takes 3-4 month. The donor site usually recovers after 10 days. Although the implants leave scars in the donor site those are very small (pin point) and usually covered completely with hair around them. If the area needs to be covered is too large, the surgeon creates a front line hair that can be combed back worth to cover the boldness. The implants cannot be placed too close to each other, because each of them needs blood supply from the area around to create hair. Therefore, usually 2-4 treatments required, to complete the treatment. Each one lasts from 6 month to year. This procedure usually done using local anesthetics and it lasts for an hour.

Skin flaps

This method uses long bands of hairy skin taken from around the head to the bold areas. The flat is moved with its own blood supply. This method can create unnatural hairline requiring additional implant to cover the scars on the sides.

Scalp reduction

Using skin expanders – the surgeon can minimize the boldness by removing some of the scalp skin using tissue expanders. An expander is put under the skin and inflated gradually. The extra skin is removed and closed. This technique requires two operations and takes more time.

Every operation has its ricks. An infection can occur, the implant may not “take” and bleeding may occur.
After the surgery you should avoid vigorous activities at least a three weeks. You’ll be able to go to work after several days. The implants may fall off after 6 weeks, this is normal. It’ll take another 5-6 weeks for the hair to grow.

Factors that can cause hair loss:

Medications, vitamins, or minerals

Medications used to treat high blood pressure, heart problems, depression or gout; chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer patients; and in some cases, unusually high levels of vitamin A or low levels of iron or protein. For women, birth control pills can cause hair loss.

Illness

Including thyroid disease, severe infection or flu; fungus infections, such as ringworm of the scalp.

For women, childbirth may cause temporary hair loss as well due to the changes that take place in the body. In some cases, adults or children may have a condition known as trichotillomania, where there is a compulsion to pull out hair on the scalp; eyebrow hair or eyelashes.

Right candidate for hair replacement

Hair replacement is suggested for the following candidates:

  • Men with male-pattern hairlessness.
  • Some women with hair loss problems.
  • A person who has lost some but not all hair as a result of fire accident or other injuries.
  • Those whose hair loss is due to medication.

Laser Hair Transplants

Technology has lead to many types of hair transplants. One common method involves using lasers but before you jump on the chance to have this procedure done take the time to get all the information on it that you can. Laser hair implants are the most invasive as well as traumatic for individuals of all the options out there. Even though many people choose this method, you need to make sure it is right for you.
The laser hair transplant involves undergoing several procedures that are about two hours long per session. There is medication that has to be taken after each session to prevent swelling and additional hair loss. There is a risk of developing an infection so make sure you take all your antibiotics as prescribed. Your skin may become damaged so you may feel some pain and discomfort. This is generally mild in nature, similar to a basic sunburn and so it is treated in the same manner. It is more annoying actually than painful.
During the hair transplant your hair will be attached to follicles with the use of radiation and heat from a laser. This is designed to offer the right amount of energy so the hair is fused to the follicles. This promotes the growth of new hair from the roots.

Sources: Implants, Immersive Medical

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